Humana People to People

Humana People to People

The Long Walk to Prevention: Every Voice Counts

http://www.saaids.com/
Humana People to People South Africa Stand at the 8th SA AIDS Conference

 

The 8th South African AIDS Conference 2017 will be held from 13-15 June in Durban, South Africa. Humana People to People South Africa (HPPSA) will be part of the 8th Southern African AIDS Conference. The conference is a gathering for those working in the field of HIV, as well as policy makers, people living with HIV and other individuals committed to ending the epidemic.

The Conference theme: The Long Walk to Prevention: Every Voice Counts provides a unique opportunity to ignite everyone’s energy around HIV prevention relating to structural changes required for HIV/AIDS prevention in Southern Africa. This time around, the conference is designed to mainly bring back the human perspective hence the clarion call - every voice counts. 

According to Dr Sue Goldstein, Conference Chairperson, Southern Africa is in its strongest position yet when it comes to control of the AIDS epidemic, however there are a number of major gaps that still need to be addressed and plugged. She further says prevention has always been the poor relative of the epidemic. 

With the aim to assist in reducing the high number of new HIV infections in South Africa and linking high incident communities and key populations to HIV and TB prevention, care and support services, Humana People to People initiated an intervention called a Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE). TCE program does not only help to reduce the number of new HIV infections but also equips individuals with the tools they need to take control of the epidemic, break down the stigma that still surrounds the epidemics as well as to stop the spread of HIV. 

Founded on the ethos that “Only the people can liberate themselves from HIV”, TCE is currently the largest mobile HIV home testing and counselling unique approach in South Africa that runs in 5 provinces empowering communities to fight the challenges of HIV/AIDS and TB. The program reaches every single person in its operational area through door-to-door campaigns, individual counselling, and community mobilisation.

TCE recruits and employ community members to create development, train them as TCE Field Officers, Peer Educators and Counsellors that are responsible for carrying out campaigns of community sensitization about, and mobilization against HIV and AIDS. In the 8th Southern African Conference you can find the latest advances in basic sciences alongside an emphasis on how to be part of lasting change to prevent new infections.

Humana People to People an organization to which Humana People to People South Africa is a member has been actively involved with addressing the HIV and AIDS epidemic since the turn of the new millennium. The TCE concept is now adapted to the demands of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets of Ending AIDS by 2030. The TCE thrust in South Africa as it is mostly in Southern Africa is to get many people diagnosed against HIV infection, get the ones infected enrolled on treatment and engage the people on treatment to adhere ARV drugs uptake until HIV viral  load is suppressed in their body system. Over 30 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa, India and China have been impacted by the TCE program over the past almost 2 decades.

The TCE concept form part of how Humana People to People is contributing to the implementation and subsequent of achievement of the UN declared Sustainable Development Goals 3 of “Ensure healthy lives & promote well-being for all at all ages”. 

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June 2017

Uniting Actions to End TB in Mining Sector of Southern Africa

Tackling TB and Multi-Drug Resistant TB must be at the heart of global action against infectious disease. The burden of TB is too great and the need for new treatment is too urgent.

Humana People to People is taking action against TB in Southern Africa, India and China. We know about the close relationship between HIV and TB as a cause for concern in addressing the HIV and AIDS epidemic. This realization called for integrating TB programming within the HIV and AIDS programs of Total Control of the Epidemic and HOPE Humana.

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Building resilience among rural farmers in Zambia

Small-scale farmers in the rural areas of Zambia face different obstacles to participate fully in the country’s agriculture growth. Interventions are needed to strengthen productivity of small-scale farmers as this would be a useful step towards sustenance of Zambia’s agriculture production and supporting efforts directed at poverty alleviation.

DAPP Zambia, a member of Humana People to People, is currently operating a rural small scale farmers program in Pemba district, Southern province of Zambia. The program response focuses on improving the farmers’ resilience regarding effects of climate change, improving livelihood and generation of income for the actively involved small scale farmers. It is expected to contribute, in the long term, to building the resilience of the most vulnerable rural populations in the region.

The project is part of the project Rural Resilience Initiative which was launched in 2012 in Ethiopia and Senegal. The partners decided to use the Farmer’s Clubs model in Zambia. DAPP Zambia started the initiative with 500 farmers in April 2015 and scaled up to 2,800 farmers in 2016. The Farmers’ Clubs Pemba project will continue with the same number of farmers in 2017.

A brief information about Zambia

The country has a population of about 16 million people, of which 65 percent live in rural areas. Fertility rates remain at an average of 5.3 children per woman very high in Zambia. Child employment in agriculture (age 7-14) constitutes 95.3 percent for females and 96.5 percent for males.

The country’s life expectancy is estimated to be at 41.7 years, extremely low. Life expectancy has been decreasing in Zambia for most of the last three decades, partly due to a high HIV and AIDS prevalence rate, which currently stands at about 17 percent.

Zambia’s rural economy, growth in the agricultural sector is one avenue through which poverty reduction can be achieved. However, despite widespread recognition of the strong connection between agricultural development and poverty reduction, there is continuing under-provision of public investments for over a decade and small scale farmers have continued to struggle under poverty for a very long period.

Zambia and climate change

In Zambia, climate change is already affecting most of the rural poor. Zambia’s average annual temperature has increased by 1.3°C from 1960 to 2006. Warming has been especially noticeable during the winter months. According to Zambia’s Meteorological Department, the 2014 unusually high temperatures ranging from 30°C to 38°C across the country attest to the increasing temperatures.

Zambia’s annual rainfall decreased by an average rate of 1.9 millimeters per month per decade since 1960, primarily due to decreases in rainfall from December to February. Many farmers in the eastern and southern provinces have witnessed a shorter growing season each year, which has forced them to adopt adaptation measures, such as regenerative agriculture. However, many others lack adequate support to fully adapt to these changes.

Further the fact that much of Zambia’s farming remains subsistence-style, relying on seasonal rains complicates the sustainability of relying on traditional farming methods. New efforts are needed which give more focus on increasing yields, conserving soil and water as well as supporting farmers with insurance services.

DAPP Zambia response to the challenges

DAPP Zambia is creating hope among the more than 2.800 farmers in Pemba district. Farmers’ Clubs Pemba is actively engaging farmers to improve crop production through diversification and soil management, improve financial literacy among farmer’s clubs members including linking farmers to micro finance, starting of saving clubs, marketing of crops, and linking the farmers to insurance services against crop failure.

The Rural Resilience Initiative strategy, the mechanism funding Farmers’ Clubs Pemba, is responding to climate change and other factors strengthening food security. The way is to empower the small scale farmer by offering the farmer access to an organized farming Club Life including extension training sessions, organizing model farming demo-plots, field visits, low cost technical solutions, technical assistance, exchange of collectively gained experiences, links to micro finance and markets.

The yields of farmers in Pemba are low and the increasing frequency of climatic shocks is overwhelming beyond their coping capacities. Therefore, the Rural Resilience Initiative (R4), is a risk management intervention which aims to increase the resilience of small scale farmers to climatic shocks. This is done through a combination of four risk management strategies, namely:

  • Disaster Risk Reduction and Safety Nets
  • Risk Transfer (Insurance)
  • Prudent Risk Taking (Credit) and
  • Risk Reserves (Savings)

The R4 harmonizes these four risk management strategies which aim to reduce household vulnerability and food insecurity caused and intensified by climate change and associated hazards.

The project has developed systems that enable vulnerable and food insecure rural populations in the region overcome climate risks through community oriented risk management and focused market-based approaches. The agricultural production of these small scale farmers is dependent on rainfall. Therefore, R4 project will increase the resilience of small holder farmers to climatic shocks through a combination of the above four risk management strategies.

The three year initiative is part of the global Rural Resilience Initiative which was launched in 2012 and is presently working with over 22,000 rural farmers in two other African countries namely; Ethiopia and Senegal. Following its success in the mentioned countries, the project was scaled up to Zambia and Malawi in 2014. Ms. Ertharin Cousin, the World Food Program Executive Director and other officials from WFP, visited the Farmers Club Project in Pemba district, Southern Province on 16 January, 2016.

Farmers’ Clubs Pemba 2016 Activities

A total of 672 Farmers’ Clubs meetings were conducted during the year and among the key issues discussed during these meetings was post-harvest management and storage facilities, land preparation, access to market and farming inputs.

The community-based participatory planning was conducted. 154 community members, representing 19 different social-economic groups were brought together at Kanchomba Farm Institute at different intervals. The key outcome of the activity was the development of Community-led Action Plans for each individual camp. The activity was facilitated by a team from World Food Program, DAPP Zambia and Ministry of Local Government and Housing.

Nearly all Farmers’ Clubs members prepared their land using conservation farming methods. 2,699 farmers representing 95.2% of all registered farmers in the project area cultivated their fields using ox-drawn ploughs. Thirty eight (38) farmers cultivated their fields using tractors, while one hundred twelve (112) farmers prepared their land using basin making. The total size of land in hectares prepared under ripping (tractor and ox-drawn ploughs) was 3,316 hectares, while the total land prepared under basins was 94.6 hectares.

The farmers increased the use of manure and lime in order to reduce the cost on fertilizer and to improve soil structure. The formation of Farmers’ Clubs has relatively improved the adoption and uptake of conservation farming among Farmers’ Club members compared to other areas where such structures are not in place.

All the 2,834 farmers under the Farmers’ Clubs project have been enrolled into the Farmers’ Clubs project insurance for assets (IFA) facility after meeting the required minimum threshold of one hectare of land prepared under conservation agriculture. A total K850 200 equivalent to Euro 8 100 was spent on premium value to cover a total surface area of 2,834 hectares of land. The size of land insured was restricted to one hectare per farmer to ensure coverage of all the 2,834 farmers under the project.

241 (171 males and 70 females) farmers from four new camps obtained agricultural loans from a micro-credit enterprise called Vision Fund. Access to agricultural loan facility has strengthened the farmers’ ability to increase productivity through increased hectares of land planted.

The program has shown that improving access to knowledge on climatic services and information among rural small scale farmers helps in seasonal planning and in managing risks.

Humana People to People through the rural small scale program in Pemba is contributing to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. This is UN Sustainable Development Goal 2 which is focusing on Ending Hunger by 2030.

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On Pedagogical Principles

The Teachers training college vies to train teachers to work in communal Mozambique where there is lack of teachers and intends to train teachers who become mind, body and soul operatives as progressive partners in a better life in the communities of Mozambique. But teaching is the core their activities and we have found out that this is best achieved through learning by doing – that is through practice in the primary schools.

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Ending child labour

The International Labour Organization (ILO) has engaged Humana People to People Botswana in reducing and hopefully eradicating child labour in Botswana. The ILO report praises efforts done and says that Humana People to People ,,has made a strong start.”

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